What are human rights?
Human rights are the rights that are regardless of language, sex, ethnicity, religion, nationality, race, or any other status. These rights provide the basic requirements essential to everyone without discrimination. They include freedom and opinion, freedom from slavery and torture, the right to life and liberty, and others.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a milestone for many instances in the history of human rights. It is one of the most critical documents declared by the United Nations general assembly in Paris on 10th December 1948 as a common standard of achievement for all the people and Nations. Representatives with different cultural and legal backgrounds from all over the world have drafted this document. It has been translated to more than 500 languages which is the most translated document in the world.
Social, economic, and cultural rights
The Human Rights main focus on these three essential rites which was entered into force in 1976. These rights seek to protect and promote which includes:
● The right to work in favorable conditions
● their right to an adequate standard of living, social protection, and attain the highest physical and mental well-being standards.
● The right enjoyment and education of benefits for the cultural freedom and scientific purposes.
Political and civil rights
The international covenant on political and civil rights and its first protocol was entered in 1976 into force. In 1989, the second optional protocol was introduced for further clarifications.
The rights include equality before the law, the right to free trial and presumption of innocence, freedom of movement, freedom of opinion and expression, peaceful assembly, e freedom of thought, conscience and religion, protection of minority rights. It prohibits arbitrary deprivation of life, cruelness, torture, degrading treatment and punishment, forced labor and slavery, war propaganda, racial hatred for religious hatred, random privacy, or detention.
UN High Commissioner for human rights
The principal responsibility of the Human Rights activities of the UN is exercised by the United Nations High Commissioner for human rights. For any severe violations, the high commissioner is mandatory to respond and undertake preventive actions.
United Nations Human Rights activities, the office of the High Commissioner for human rights is Focal Point. It serves as Secretariat for the Treaty bodies, the human rights council, and other UN Human Rights organs. Human rights field activities are also taken care of by the UN high commissioner of human rights.
The UN system and the human rights
In the critical areas of peace and security, humanitarian assistance, development, economic and social affairs are Human Rights themes in all UN policies and programs.
The right to food, sustainable development goals, agricultural organizations, laborer, define and protection by the International Labour Organisation, gender rights, rights of children, disabled persons, and indigenous people are some of the vital UN body specialized agencies protect.